Healthy chick produces healthy meat. Raising chicks from day 1 to day 45 is a very tough journey. Chicken keepers, either domestically or poultry farmer has to fight against the different kinds of diseases. If you as a bird owner, do not observe the condition of your chick or bird then you should be mentally ready for a huge loss.
Many beginners do not concentrate on the physical appearance of the bird. The gestures and their attitude towards food, water, or to the environment are very important to find out the real problem. Birds have a tendency to hide any kind of medical issue. This is because they can not show their weakness. They think that if they look weak the other healthy/powerful bird will catch and use them for their food.
There are some common diseases which may cause serious medical issues, which can destroy your poultry business. Let’s read them carefully;
This is a very dangerous disease in birds. This can kill your bird within few hours. Botulism is caused by the bacteria called ‘bacterium Clostridium’. If your chicken is affected by this disease, you will notice a shaky body with weak feathers. If you touch that ill bird, its feathers will be plucked so easily. This disease will also affect the respiratory system as well. During this serious problem, you must contact your veterinary doctor quickly. To provide the first ad you can give them1 teaspoon Epsom salt diluted in warm water with a dropper to remove the toxin from the digestive system.
As clear with the name, this disease hits the respiratory system directly. Your short observation will make you eligible to recognize this disease. In this disease you will notice a cough, sneezing, or snoring. You will have to move for veterinary advice without any delay. Your unnecessary delay will cause a huge loss in the result of countless deaths. In the meanwhile, you can provide them a warm and dry place to recoup. Herbal tea is also a good first ad for the infected bird.
This disease mostly affects three body parts of a bird. First, it can hit the skin then mouth, and combs. If you notice that your bird is lethargic and want to sit at one place for hours then it’s alarming. You must examine your bird physically. If you found white spots on the skin, sores on combs, or ulcer in their mouth then you must contact your veterinary doctor without wasting a single minute. In the meanwhile, you can offer your bird/birds some soft food and place them in a warm dry place. Fowl Pox is caused by a virus, so it can spread in the whole shed within a short time. You should remove infected birds quickly from the flock to control instant outburst of Fowl Pox.
Coryza means inflammation of mucous membrane. This infection simultaneously hit the mucous membrane in mouth, nose, and eyes. Usually, the head of chicken will become swollen. Some kind of discharge begins from nose and eyes. This disease is caused by the bacteria so you can little bit cure by removing all the discharge, feathers, and poops to save the others. Immediately remove the infected birds and place them in a warm place.
Sometimes it happens that your bird’s droppings turn into yellowish or greenish. This is actually diarrhea and during this condition, your bird will breath with a lot of difficulties and his/their head and wattle becomes darker. This is caused by bacteria and you should remove the infected birds quickly and place them in a dry place. Immediately contact with your veterinary advisor to take control of the disease. If you do not give a proper time to remove the traces of this bacteria then your poultry business will collapse.
Baby chicks can have caught by this disease. In this disease, your baby chick will get tumors in or out of the body. During this episode baby chick’s iris turn into gray and will not respond to the light. This infection makes them paralyzed very quickly. A virus brings that disease at age of 20 days and it can transmit to other chicks so fast. It will become a carrier of this dangerous disease so, you must remove the infected chick/chicks from the flock to warm and dry place to recoup.
This disease usually hits the respiratory tracks. In this condition your bird will have a breathing problem, some discharge from their eyes, nose, and eyes become murky. Moreover, legs and wings become paralyzed with a twisted neck. This is a very dangerous disease that can kill your flock quickly. The infected birds become a carrier of the virus and can transmit to other birds. Adult birds are immune to cope with this health issue but baby chicks are a hot cake for this virus. Report your veterinary advisor as soon as possible otherwise, you will have to bear a heavy bird loss.
Sometimes it happens that any bird gets cut in the foot while playing in the shed. This wound will become infectious and will lead towards bumblefoot. In this condition, the foot will be swollen and then leg also hit in the same connection. Here, you will have to perform a simple surgery by giving a cut to remove the abscess. This problem is not common but your bird will get it, so you must be ready to handle it. Moreover, if you take it easy this will become a reason for some other diseases in the shed.
The most common name for avian influenza is “Bird Flu”. This is a highly dangerous disease because it also hits the humans. People will get sick after contact with this type of flue. Moreover, the meat of an affected bird is also causing this infection in the humans. The sign of this disease in birds are mostly respiratory troubles. Birds will usually quit laying and develop runny droppings which soon or later turns into diarrhea. Their wattle and comb will turn blue and swollen will appear on the face of the bird. There are many red spots on the legs and combs of the bird, which is the most common sign of bird flu. If your bird/birds caught by this hazardous disease then you must sanitize the area where you are placing a new flock for poultry farming.
Healthy white meat is a result of many efforts, which a poultry farmer is doing in our country. Although, it is a tough job, but poultry farming is expanding day by day. No doubt, this business has a high earning rate but fight the diseases is also equal to all those efforts. If you work carefully, with determinations and consciously observe the birds then you can rule out the loss that can be caused by the diseases.