There is a threefold answer to the above question:
- Genetic potential of Broiler.
Genetic potential of Broiler:
The main reason for the sudden growth of Broiler Chicken lies within the breed. Broiler breed did not emerge over night. Years of selective breeding and millions of dollars were spent to arrive at the Broiler Chicken that is grown commercially today. To make it easy to understand look closely at the diagram below:
To summarize the above, Broiler Chicken is produced as a result of a four stage process wherein a selective set of genes is arrived upon which contains extraordinary growth potential.
In modern times, broiler flocks are reared in environmentally controlled protein farms. These farms have the facilities to maintain temperature required to unlock the optimum weight gain potential of broiler. These farms have Brooders to heat up in winters.
They have cooling pads on one end and large fans on the other end to create a tunnel effect which nullifies the summer heat. There is an automatic feeding system with dumping hopper, which transfers the feed via pipes to the mini hoppers and auto sensors which ensure that the feeding pans are never empty.
The water lines are installed in such a way so as to ensure that water is within 6 feet of each bird at all times. All the machinery is auto controlled by the CONTROLLER which ensures that the bird gets the environment it requires. The last crucial bits of equipment are the backup generators which are at stand by to deal with power failures.
Feed is formulated keeping in mind three important factors:
- Protein (Amino Acid)
The main sources of energy are cereal grains. Grains can be used up to 70% in a feed ration. The most ideal and beneficial grain is maize. Other grain options are Rice, Millet, and Wheat etc.
The most commonly used sources of protein are the byproducts of vegetable oil industry. Among meals the most balanced and primary option is Soybean meal. Canola and other sources are also available for cost effective and optimum balancing of nutrients.
Other Amino acids such as Lysine, Methionine and Threonine etc are also available for optimum balancing of nutrients. Moreover, Minerals such as calcium, phosphorous and sodium are also added to feed for better metabolic function and fast growth.
To summarize the above, Broiler Chicken is a Super Chicken Breed that has enormous weight gain potential which can be achieved if it is provided with ideal environmental conditions and fed a properly balanced feed ration.